By Patrick Lepetit
A profound realizing of the surrealists’ connections with alchemists and mystery societies and the airtight aspirations published of their works
• Explains how surrealist work and poems hired mythology, gnostic rules, tarot, voodoo, alchemy, and different airtight sciences to find unexplored areas of the brain and recuperate misplaced “psychic” and magical powers
• offers many examples of esoteric effect in surrealism, equivalent to how Picasso’s Demoiselles d’Avignon was once initially titled The bathtub of the Philosophers
Not only an inventive or literary stream as many think, the surrealists rejected the labels of artist and writer bestowed upon them via outsiders, accepting as an alternative the titles of magician, alchemist, or--in the case of Leonora Carrington and Remedios Varo--witch. Their work, poems, and different works have been created to find unexplored areas of the brain and get well misplaced “psychic” and magical powers. They used artistic expression because the automobile to achieve what André Breton referred to as the “supreme point,” the purpose at which all opposites stop to be perceived as contradictions. This ultimate aspect is located on the middle of all esoteric doctrines, together with the good paintings of alchemy, and permits verbal exchange with greater states of being.
Drawing on an in depth diversity of writings via the surrealists and people of their circle of effect, Patrick Lepetit indicates how the surrealists hired mythology, gnostic ideas, tarot, voodoo, and alchemy no longer easily as reference issues yet as major components in their ongoing investigations into the elemental nature of realization. He presents many particular examples of esoteric impression one of the surrealists, equivalent to how Picasso’s well-known Demoiselles d’Avignon was once initially titled The tub of the Philosophers, how painter Victor Brauner drew from his father’s spiritualist vocation in addition to the Kabbalah and tarot, and the way health professional and surrealist writer Pierre Mabille was once a Freemason interested in discovering initiatory paths the place “it is feasible to suppose a brand new approach connecting guy with the universe.”
Lepetit casts new mild at the connection among key figures of the circulation and the circle of adepts collected round Fulcanelli. He additionally explores the connection among surrealists and Freemasonry, Martinists, and the select Cohen in addition to the Grail mythos and the Arthurian brotherhood.
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Extra info for The Esoteric Secrets of Surrealism: Origins, Magic, and Secret Societies
76 *47 approximately this assembly, in 1976 Ithell Colquhoun could say, “I stated that i needed to be loose to pursue my experiences within the area of esotericism†48 as I deemed top (the competition to this point of surrealist job comes from a whim of Mesens, insofar as Breton, Dominguez, Dr. Mabille, Masson, and Seligmann, and different continental surrealists pursued learn like this with out it elevating questions),”77 which truly indicates such a lot of years later the depths of the sensation of incomprehension and injustice she should have felt then. it's actual that the woman, whom Michel Rémy outlined within the Dictionaire général du surréalisme et de ses environs as “surrealism in a perpetual country of ‘fantasmagic’ at the convulsive paths of occultism,” didn't pull any punches, being a member of the Ordo Templi Orientis, a firm already suspect for allegations of practising intercourse magic. The Ordo Templi Orientis was once based on the finish of the 19th century through Masons, Karl Kellner and Theodor Reuss. Reuss was once a thirty-third-degree Mason of the Scottish ceremony, which didn't hinder him from having incriminating sympathies for nationwide Socialism, and it used to be attached to the ceremony of Memphis-Misraïm (of which Reuss used to be the realm grand grasp) and the (Swedish) Swedenborgian ceremony, which might eventually be led off course by way of the devilish Alastair Crowley, as used to be his spiritual arm, the Gnostic Catholic Church. The identify of this occult poetess can also be linked to the founding father of the airtight Order of the Golden Dawn—although she used to be now not a member—the Scot, Samuel Liddell “MacGregor” Mathers (1854–1918), to whom she devoted a publication in 1975, The Sword of knowledge. Elie-Charles Flamand, who collaborated on Médium, the place he wrote experiences like “La Ville mystère” (n° 4), on Jacques Yonnet’s Les Enchantements de Paris78 and its description of the “second existence” of the occult urban, and took part within the preparatory questionnaire for L’Art magique, used to be equally excluded from the Parisian team in 1960 for “ruiniform esotericism. ” notwithstanding Breton signed the letter of rupture, he maintained their own friendship. Born Charles Flamand, a expert geologist and paleontologist in addition to an ardent fan of jazz, this undeservedly imprecise poet selected early directly to mix his identify with that of the prophet Eli, who represented “divine fireplace and the illumination it confers,” as he explains in his booklet Les Méandres du sens (The Meandering of Meanings). seventy nine This brought on Marc Kober to indicate, “Elie-Charles Flamand may be the metaphysical quest made tangible in the course of the mediation of poetic paintings. ”80 Flamand met André Breton, René Alleau, Eugène Canseliet, and Robert Amadou within the related circulation, facts of a selective eclecticism, and he put the 1st stone of his paintings with the gathering, À un oiseau de houille perché sur l. a. plus haute branche du feu,*49 whose basically initiatory nature leaps off the pages. within the Nineteen Sixties he was once the writer, Canseliet tells us in his advent to the republished variation of the Mutus Liber,†50 of the illuminating textual content for the magnificently illustrated 3 quantity set of the pictorial colleges of the Renaissance, that have lately been released by means of the Lausanne writer, Rencontre versions.