Download E-books The Society for Useful Knowledge: How Benjamin Franklin and Friends Brought the Enlightenment to America PDF

By Jonathan Lyons

Benjamin Franklin and his contemporaries introduced the Enlightenment to America--an highbrow revolution that laid the root for the political one who undefined. With the "first Drudgery" of settling the yank colonies now good and actually earlier, Franklin introduced in 1743, it was once excessive time that the colonists set approximately enhancing the lot of humankind via collaborative inquiry. From Franklin's concept emerged the yankee Philosophical Society, an organization hosted in Philadelphia and devoted to the harnessing of man's highbrow and artistic powers for the typical strong. The animus in the back of the Society was once and is a disarmingly basic one-that the worth of information is at once proportional to its software. this simple thought has left a profound mark on American society and tradition and at the very proposal of the United States itself-and via the United States, at the global as a whole.

From celebrated historian of information Jonathan Lyons comes The Society for helpful Knowledge, telling the tale of America's coming-of-age via its ancient love affair with sensible invention, utilized technological know-how, and self-reliance. providing clean, unique photographs of figures like Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Rush, and the inimitable, forever artistic Franklin, Lyons offers us important new point of view at the American founding. He illustrates how the move for worthy wisdom is vital to knowing the circulate of yank society and tradition from colonial instances to our electronic present.

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20 Curti, sixteen. 21 Hamilton, Itinerarium, 22. 22 John Ray, The knowledge of God Manifested within the Works of the production [1691] (London: William & John Innys, 1722), 164. 23 Anderson, Radical Enlightenments, 129. 24 BF, “Opinions and Conjectures,” PBF, four: 17. 25 Isaac Norris to unknown correspondent, April 30, 1725, quoted in Thomas Wendel, “The Keith-Lloyd Alliance: Factional and Coalition Politics in Colonial Pennsylvania,” PMHB ninety two (3): 299. 26 ABF, 117. 27 ABF, 116–17. 28 BF, “Proposals and Queries to Be requested the Junto,” PBF, 1: 259. 29 BF, “Rules for a membership, previously proven in Philadelphia,” in Political, Miscellaneous, and Philosophical items, ed. Benjamin Vaughan (London: J. Johnson, 1779), 533–36. 30 Benjamin Rush, A Memorial Containing Travels via existence or Sundry Incidents within the lifetime of Dr. Benjamin Rush, Written by way of Himself (Lanoraie, PA: Louis Alexander Biddle, 1905), 141. 31 Wendel, 296–97. 32 BF, A Modest Enquiry into the character and Necessity of a Paper-Currency, PBF, 1: one hundred forty four. 33 Ibid. , 1: 157. 34 ABF, 124. 35 Junto Minute e-book, January 18, 1760, quoted in James Delbourgo, A so much notable Scene of Wonders: electrical energy and Enlightenment in Early the United States (Cambridge, MA: Harvard collage Press, 2006), 68–69. 36 terrible Richard superior: Being an Almanack and Ephemeris … for the yr of our Lord 1753, PBF, four: 408. 37 ABF, 163–64. 38 ABF, a hundred sixty five. 39 Curti, sixty nine. forty BF to Peter Collinson, may perhaps 21, 1751. forty-one Ibid. forty two Edwin Wolf, “Franklin and His associates opt for Their Books,” PMHB eighty (1): 15–20. forty three Leman Thomas Rede, Biblotheca Americana (London: J. Debbett, 1789), nine, 18. forty four Carl Bridenbaugh and Jessica Bridenbaugh, Rebels and gents: Philadelphia within the Age of Franklin (New York: Oxford college Press, 1962), 87–88. forty five Ibid. forty six Raymond Phineas Stearns, technological know-how within the British Colonies of the United States (Chicago: collage of Illinois Press, 1970), 503–4. forty seven George Champlin Mason, Annals of the Redwood Library and Athenaeum (Newport, RI: Redwood Library, 1891), 31. forty eight Wolf, 15, 24–30. forty nine Thomas Penn to Library Co. , may well sixteen [? ], 1733. 50 BF to Peter Collinson, March 28, 1747. fifty one BF to Peter Collinson, may well 25, 1747. fifty two BF to Cadwallader Colden, September 29, 1748. fifty three BF, “Promoting priceless Knowledge,” PBF, 2: 381–82. fifty four Ibid. , 380. Notes to bankruptcy 4: necessary wisdom 1 Quoted in Weld, background, 2: 30. 2 Francis Bacon, The Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon, ed. John M. Robertson (London: Routledge, 1905), 262. three Ibid. , 262, 250. four Jones, Ancients and Moderns, 30–40. five Bacon, Philosophical Works, seventy six. 6 Francis Bacon, Novum Organum, quoted in Margery Purver, The Royal Society: proposal and construction (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1967), 35. 7 Bacon, Philosophical Works, seventy nine. eight Sprat, Royal Society, 35–36. nine Ibid. , sixty two. 10 Ralph S. Bates, clinical Societies within the usa, third variation (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1965), 1–2. eleven Ornstein, clinical Societies, four, 12. 12 an entire textual content of the 1st constitution is on the market at http://royalsociety. org/uploadedFiles/Royal_Society_Content/about-us/history/Charter1_English.

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