Download E-books The South Pole: An Account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the Fram, 1910-1912 PDF

By Roland Huntford, Fridtjof Nansen, Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen files his race to be the 1st guy to arrive the South Pole. Amundsen's services enabled him to be triumphant the place his predecessors, and opponents, didn't. His rival Captain Robert F. Scott not just didn't achieve the Pole first, but—due to terrible education and miscalculation—died with the remainder of his social gathering on their go back journey. The South Pole continues to be one of many maximum and most vital books on polar exploration.

"Roald Amundsen planted the Norwegian flag at the South Pole on December 14, 1911: an entire month sooner than Robert Falcon Scott arrived at the comparable spot. Amundsen's 'The South Pole'... is much less famous than his rival's, partially simply because he's much less of a literary stylist, but additionally, possibly, simply because he survived the journey.
"His publication is a riveting first-hand account of a very expert excursion; Amundsen's heroism is simple, however it is heroism nonetheless."
--The occasions of London, June 23 2001

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The glacier was once right here imprisoned among mountains of 15,000 ft, which we named after Fridtjof Nansen and Don Pedro Christophersen. on the backside of the glacier we observed Ole Engelstad’s nice snow-cone emerging within the air to 19,000 toes. The glacier was once a lot damaged up during this slim defile; huge, immense crevasses appeared as though they might cease our going farther, yet thankfully it used to be no longer so undesirable because it regarded. Our canine, which over the last few days had coated a distance of approximately 440 miles, installed an exceptional piece of labor that day, as they did twenty-two miles on floor emerging to 5,770 ft. It used to be a virtually significant checklist. It in simple terms took us 4 days from the barrier to arrive the gigantic inland plateau. We camped at a peak of 7,600 toes. right here we needed to kill twenty-four of our courageous canines, preserving eighteen—six for every of our 3 sledges. We halted the following for 4 days as a result of undesirable climate. On November 25 we have been bored with ready, and commenced back. at the twenty sixth we have been overtaken by way of a raging snowstorm. within the thick, riding snow shall we see completely not anything; yet we felt that, opposite to what we had expected—namely, one other ascent—we have been going speedily downhill. The hypsometer that day confirmed a descent of six hundred ft. We persevered our march subsequent day in a powerful wind and thick, using snow. Our faces have been badly frozen. there has been no possibility, yet we easily might see not anything. subsequent day, in keeping with our reckoning, we reached lat. 86°. The hypsometer confirmed a fall of 800 toes. day after today handed within the similar approach. the elements cleared up approximately midday, and there seemed to our astonished eyes a powerful mountain-range to the east folks, and never far-off. however the imaginative and prescient basically lasted a second, after which disappeared back within the riding snow. at the twenty ninth the elements grew to become calmer and the sunlight shone—a friendly shock. Our direction lay over a very good glacier, which ran in a southerly course. On its jap aspect was once a series of mountains operating to the south-east. We had no view of its western half, as this was once misplaced in a thick fog. on the foot of the Devil’s Glacier we tested a depot in lat. 86° 21′, calculated for 6 days. The hypsometer confirmed 8,000 toes above sea-level. On November 30 we started to ascend the glacier. The decrease half used to be a lot damaged up and unsafe, and the skinny bridges of snow over the crevasses frequently broke lower than us. From our camp that night we had a fantastic view of the mountains to the east. Mount Helmer Hansen was once the main notable of all of them; it was once 12,000 toes excessive, and coated via a glacier so rugged that during all likelihood it will were most unlikely to discover foothold on it. the following have been additionally Mounts Oskar Wisting, Sverre Hassel, and Olav Bjaaland, grandly lighted up by means of the rays of the sunlight. within the distance, and simply noticeable now and then in the course of the using mists, we observed Mount Thorvald Nilsen, with peaks emerging to 15,000 ft. shall we basically see these elements of them that lay nearest to us. It took us 3 days to recover from the Devil’s Glacier, because the climate used to be strangely misty.

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